Prof Alexander Bird
Sowerby Professor of Philosophy & Medicine, King’s College London
Hacking’s Theory of Looping
“Human kinds, interactive kinds, and realism about kinds”
A kind is an interactive human kind when the existence and nature of that kind of people depends on our classificatory practices—when there is an interaction between the kind and how we think and talk about people. Ian Hacking argues that people suffering from Multiple Personality Disorder (Dissociative Identity Disorder) form such a kind, since their existence as a kind depends on how doctors use that category and on patients’ awareness of it. This looks like a special case of the social construction of a kind of person. Hacking calls his view `nominalism’ indicating that the kinds are not real. Khalidi suggests that this verdict may spread to other apparently real or natural kinds. Thus interactive kinds look to be a threat to realism about kinds. I examine these arguments. Are interactive kinds real or not? Are any kinds real? I conclude that we can regard such interactive kinds as real kinds.”
Alexander Bird has recently been named as the next Bertrand Russell Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, a post he will take up for the start of the 2020-21 academic year. Professor Bird works in the philosophy of science, the philosophy and history of medicine, metaphysics and epistemology. Within the philosophy of medicine he has a particular interest in the methodological issues in causal and statistical inference.
Professor Bird’s new book, ‘Knowing Science’, is soon to be published by Oxford University Press.